NFPA 1999

NFPA 1999 specifies "minimum documentation, design criteria, performance criteria and test methods for new single-use and multiple-use emergency medical protective clothing, including garments, gloves, and face protection devices". This standard was developed to provide biological protective clothing, gloves and facewear for fire fighters, EMT and paramedics to utilize during emergency medical operations. The standard is the only standard, both from within and outside the fire service that includes performance tests to ensure that each type of clothing resists penetration to bloodborne pathogens. Garments also are required to meet stringent requirements for liquid tight integrity in those areas of the garment that are designed to provide protection, material strength and physical hazard resistance, seam strength, and closure strength. Gloves are tested for tensile strength and elongation both before and after heat aging and isopropyl alcohol immersion. Additionally, gloves must meet requirements for dexterity, puncture resistance, liquid tight integrity and minimum sizing. Like the garments, facewear must meet requirements for liquid tight integrity in those areas of the facewear that are designed to provide biological protection.

Manufacturers of clothing that meet this standard must provide sufficient documentation to the purchaser or end user of the protective equipment which details the equipment’s technical data and user information.

User instructions and information for all emergency medical garments, gloves, and face protection devices must include the following.

  • Donning procedures
  • Doffing procedures
  • Safety considerations
  • Recommended storage practices
  • Decontamination recommendations and considerations
  • Retirement considerations
  • Disposal considerations
  • Cleaning instructions
  • Marking and storage instructions
  • Frequency and details of inspections
  • Maintenance criteria
  • How to use test equipment, where applicable
  • Method of repair, if recommended by manufacturer
  • Warranty information
  • Limitations of use
  • Sizing and adjustment procedures

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